If Darwin lost his tree last year (01/22/2009), it would seem any corrections or rearrangements would be academic. Nevertheless, eight evolutionary biologists at Duke University tried rearranging one of the biggest branches on Darwin’s tree of common ancestry – the highly diverse group known as arthropods (animals with jointed appendages). Arthropods comprise the largest number of species and the largest count of animals on the planet. It includes the insects, spiders, crustaceans, millipedes, shrimp and much more. The team’s results were advance-published on the Nature website right before Darwin’s 201st birthday,1 accompanied by a press release from Duke University. This is just the latest in a century-long project to make sense of the arthropod family tree. The authors admitted an “often-heated, century-long debate on arthropod relationships.” Early attempts were based entirely on morphology (physical traits). More recent methods have included genetic and protein comparisons, but the authors said “The molecular phylogeny of Arthropoda has proven difficult to resolve.” The puzzles are reflected by some of the names: Paradoxopoda (paradoxical feet), Miracrustacea (surprising crustaceans) and Xenocarida (strange shrimp). The researchers quadrupled their earlier data set for the latest phylogeny. They claimed overall strong agreement between molecular and morphological phylogenies, but the press release stated, “Some of the relationships are so surprising that new names had to be coined for five newly-discovered groupings.” Even though the paper and press release present a tone of success in finally resolving the family tree, some statements indicate this is just the latest rest stop on a work in progress. The success comes at a price; some relationships are counterintuitive or controversial. The authors, moreover, had to select data they thought was more indicative of signal over noise. Here are some excerpts that show any claimed success is strained:The remarkable antiquity, diversity and ecological significance of arthropods have inspired numerous attempts to resolve their deep phylogenetic history, but the results of two decades of intensive molecular phylogenetics have been mixed.More typically, analyses based on limited samples of taxa and genes have generated results that are inconsistent, weakly supported and highly sensitive to analytical conditions.These results provide a statistically well-supported phylogenetic framework for the largest animal phylum and represent a step towards ending the often-heated, century-long debate on arthropod relationships.Until recently, arthropod molecular phylogenetics relied mainly upon nuclear ribosomal DNA and mitochondrial sequences. Our data come from the complementary DNA of single-copy nuclear protein-coding genes, which represent the largest source of data for phylogenetics.Uncertainty about homology at sites bracketing small insertion�deletion (indel) regions resulted in exclusion of approximately 6.5% of all sites.Of the six newly named groups shown in bold in Fig. 1, only two had more than 70% bootstrap support in single-gene analyses (one gene each; Supplementary Table 3).Bootstrap values derived for amino acids were sometimes lower than those derived from nucleotides.At the deepest level, our phylogeny strongly supports Mandibulata (Pancrustacea plus Myriapoda), a controversial result that is robust to expanded outgroup sampling.Our strong support for Mandibulata contradicts several molecular studies that have placed Myriapoda as sister group to the Chelicerata (Euchelicerata plus Pycnogonida), a grouping so contrary to morphology that it was recently dubbed Paradoxopoda.Although our phylogeny resolves many problems within Mandibulata, it does not resolve the status of Chelicerata, the group including Pycnogonida (sea spiders) and Euchelicerata (horseshoe crabs, scorpions and spiders).Xenocarida includes two unusual and morphologically dissimilar classes of crustacean, Remipedia and Cephalocarida. We place the xenocarids and hexapods in the newly named clade Miracrustacea (’surprising crustaceans’). Both Xenocarida and Miracrustacea are found in the maximum-likelihood trees for all four methods of analysis, although support varies.Bootstrap support for both Xenocarida and Miracrustacea is strong for noLRall1+nt2 and degen1 analyses (93�100%), moderately strong for codon analysis (79�89%) and weak for amino-acid analysis (17�54%).Our results strongly support the monophyly of Hexapoda, in contrast to mitochondrial studies that place Collembola (springtails) among ‘crustaceans’ rather than other hexapods.The sister group to Miracrustacea is another unanticipated group, Vericrustacea (‘true crustaceans’), which joins Malacostraca (crabs, shrimp and so on), Branchiopoda (fairy shrimp, water fleas and so on) and some members of the polyphyletic ‘Maxillopoda’, namely Thecostraca (barnacles) and Copepoda.Within the Vericrustacea are two other groupings not anticipated by morphology: the Multicrustacea (‘numerous crustaceans’: Malacostraca plus Thecostraca plus Copepoda) and the Communostraca (‘common shelled ones’: Malacostraca plus Thecostraca).Significantly, our analysis adds Mystacocarida to Oligostraca. The mystacocarids are small, enigmatic crustaceans that live between sand grains along marine shores. Oligostracans are a disparate, ancient clade, and there is little in their gross morphology other than reduction in the number of body segments that would suggest a close relationship among them.Our results differ from morphology-inspired hypotheses in uniting Pauropoda with Symphyla rather than with Diplopoda, a result that is also seen in recent analyses of nuclear ribosomal sequences.Their final paragraph contains the most significant caution lights:In conclusion, our phylogenomic study provides a strongly supported phylogenetic framework for the arthropods, but the problem of reconstructing and interpreting morphological evolution within this diverse group remains. Our phylogeny highlights the large gaps in the morphological spectrum of extant arthropods that have complicated the task of morphology-based systematists. Our result has significant implications, as it requires taxonomists to acknowledge crustaceans as a paraphyletic grade of primitively aquatic mandibulates and to classify hexapods as a terrestrial clade within Pancrustacea. In particular, the position of Xenocarida (Remipedia plus Cephalocarida) as the sister group to Hexapoda, and the relatively derived placement of supposedly ‘primitive’ groups such as Branchiopoda, promises to alter views on the evolution of morphology and morphogenesis in Arthropoda.The press release called this work a “scientific and technological tour de force” with a result that “at least the shape of the tree seems right.” Questions not addressed by the paper, though, might be posed by a philosopher, historian, logician, or skeptical inquirer. Why should molecular evidence outweigh morphological evidence, or vice versa? Which kind of molecular evidence should be given priority when different schemes conflict? Would a different research team, with different strategies, agree with these results? Are some of the groupings contrived? Do the new groupings really carve nature at its joints, or do they reflect researcher bias to force-fit uncooperative data into predetermined schemes? 1. Regier et al, “Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences,” Nature advance online publication 10 February 2010; doi:10.1038/nature08742.Details are necessary to show how arbitrary and contrived the practice of evolutionary tree-building is. If this is how tree-building goes for the greatest group of animals in the world, should we be impressed with claims for any other group? But it doesn’t matter. Since we have already shown that tree-building is hopeless (07/25/2002) and the branching tree is a fallen icon of evolution anyway (01/22/2009), it would be charitable to call this work that the Dukes have hazarded an exercise in futility. They might just as well try to build a family tree for the tools in a hardware store. Look at their capricious and arbitrary name game. Does it help understand relationships to name a group Miracrustacea? Are you impressed by the Latin name for “surprising crustaceans”? What if phylogenists in a hardware store invented a group name for crowbars and screwdrivers called Xenocapulus (strange handles)? Latin is a poor mask for vanity. Maybe it makes them feel good to be busy, but constructing paper trees for Darwin seems hardly a useful scientific quest. Darwin trees aren’t good for wood, construction, shade, the environment, or anything. Their usefulness for understanding is highly doubtful. Scientists should do better than to obsess over vain projects that are rootless and fruitless.(Visited 41 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
6 September 2002An unassuming woman from rural KwaZulu-Natal led the winners of South Africa’s premier craft competition, the FNB Vita Crafts Now Awards, when prizes were handed out at MuseuMAfricA in Newtown.Lobolile Ximba received a R6 000 prize for her powerful “Aids Doll”. Other awards were given for works ranging from paintings, ceramic sculptures and quilt portraits to wooden soccer players and telephone wire baskets.All the entries will be on exhibit until 24 September, as part of the museum’s special displays for the World Summit on Sustainable Development.Veteran journalist Denis Beckett, who officially opened the exhibition, paid special tribute to Ximba, each of whose works tells a unique story of how rural women are dealing with the devastating effects of the Aids virus. Ximba was taught by her mother and has been making dolls since 1984. Her dolls are expressive and colourful.Another Aids-related work came from the Karosswerkers of Limpopo province in the form of an embroidered cloth entitled “Aids”, designed by Calvin Mahlaule and Agnes Tshehla.Calvin Mahlaule and Agnes Tshehla’s embroidery “Aids”Held in tandem with the Association of Potters of Southern Africa’s African Earth, the event was adjudicated by professors Ian Calder and Karel Nel of the universities of Natal and Witwatersrand respectively.Nel decided against awarding gold, silver and bronze prizes, and instead gave four equal first prizes of R6 000 each to Ximba, the Karosswerkers, Johannesburg’s Digby Hoets and Katherine Glenday from the Western Cape.Awards of R1 000 each were also presented to Lother Bottcher for his glass vase, Kim Sacks and Joseph Msomi for porcelain and wire bowls, Themba Mnguni for a wooden pair of soccer players, Zama Khanyile for a telephone wire basket, and Jabulile Nkosi for her quilt of portraits.The awards for the African Earth pottery exhibition were given by Calder, who singled out for praise two ceramic sculptors, Henrietta Ngako and Vusumuzi Ntshalintshali.Gauteng’s Henrietta Ngako won the City of Johannesburg Arts, Culture and Heritage Services Premier Award for her work. Born in the town of Rustenburg, North West province, Ngako has exhibited widely in the country and abroad.She has work in collections at more than 10 museums and art galleries across South Africa, and has received numerous awards, including a merit award at the International Invitation Exhibition of Contemporary Ceramic Art in Taiwan in 1992.Source: City of Johannesburg web site
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Todd NeeleyDTN Staff ReporterOMAHA (DTN) — Two of three men indicted on 14 counts of conspiracy to commit bank fraud and making false statements to attain loans and crop insurance for Decatur, Michigan-based Stamp Farms LLC, have been sentenced to prison time. They have been ordered to pay hundreds of thousands of dollars in restitution as a result of reaching plea agreements.According to court documents filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Western Michigan, James Leonard Becraft, Jr. pleaded guilty to conspiracy to make false statements on crop insurance forms. On Feb. 12, he was sentenced to a year in prison, a two-year supervised release and ordered to pay $648,188 in restitution to the Risk Management Agency in Kansas City, Missouri.Douglas Edward Diekman pleaded guilty to conspiracy to make false statements on crop insurance forms. On Dec. 20, 2018, Diekman was sentenced to 13 months in prison, a two-year supervised release and ordered to pay $488,432 in restitution — $409,403 to RMA and $79,029 to the Farm Service Agency in Kansas City.On Dec. 13, 2017, a grand jury handed down an indictment of Becraft, Diekman and Michael Stamp in connection with the Stamp Farms Chapter 11 bankruptcy filed in November 2012. The bank found Stamp Farms in noncompliance on loan agreements, including working capital and other ratios. Michael Stamp is the former owner of the farm. Stamp’s case has yet to be resolved, as a hearing was scheduled for Tuesday in Michigan.Stamp and Becraft originally pleaded not guilty in January 2018, according to court records, after being arrested by Internal Revenue Service agents on Jan. 18, 2018. According to the indictment, the losses alleged in the fraud total about $60.5 million.Becraft agreed to cooperate with federal authorities on the investigation into Stamp Farms, as part of the plea agreement.STAMP FARMS BANKRUPTCYAccording to court documents in Stamp’s individual bankruptcy case, Wells Fargo claimed it had made a $68 million loan in December 2011 based on representations that Stamp Farms and its affiliates farmed 46,000 acres. Audits later could uncover only about 27,000 acres, the bank claimed.Stamp Farms’ assets eventually were auctioned off to Dennis Boersen, the owner of Zeeland, Michigan-based Boersen Farms. Boersen Farms has also faced financial difficulties. The 80,000-acre corn and soybean operation had been sued by CHS Capital LLC, for defaulting on $145.3 million in loans. A newly formed Zeeland-based lender, LT Capital LLC, agreed to take on the debt on Oct. 4, 2017, with plans to dismiss the lawsuit.The indictment said Stamp rapidly increased the number of acres the company farmed by acquiring agricultural land leases from landowners in southwest Michigan, “often by paying above-market rates.”Over the years, Stamp relied on “large” operating loans and credit agreements. In addition, the indictment said Stamp used crop insurance payments to pay for some of his operation, including covering lease payments.Starting in 2011, Stamp needed money to keep his farm going and to pay off an outstanding loan. Between March and December, Stamp allegedly provided false information to obtain about $68 million in credit from Wells Fargo by misrepresenting the amount of land he farmed and the value of his farming assets, the grand jury said.According to the indictment, when the bank extended his credit, Stamp allegedly continued to provide false information about his operation. In addition, Stamp allegedly submitted false claims to the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation in order to get crop insurance payments.Stamp is alleged to have conspired with Becraft and Diekman, in particular, to “defraud the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation and its reinsurers,” the indictment said.In June 2015, Stamp’s wife, Melissa Stamp, was sentenced to 20 months in jail and 20 months of supervised release, and was also required to pay $184,500 in restitution and had to forfeit $151,915 as part of a plea agreement with federal authorities for her role in bankruptcy fraud.According to a news release from the U.S. Department of Justice, at the time of her guilty plea, Melissa Stamp admitted to giving $75,000 to her brother and about $90,000 to her father to conceal the money from a bankruptcy case that was filed one month later by her husband. She also admitted to concealing $50,000 in a safe in her home, according to DOJ, but none of the money was disclosed to the bankruptcy court.The Stamp Farms bankruptcy case left southwestern Michigan landowners and creditors jolted by what legal experts believe was, at the time, the largest grain farm bankruptcy in U.S. history.Todd Neeley can be reached at [email protected] him on Twitter @toddneeleyDTN(ES/CZ )© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. All rights reserved.
It’s complex and hard to read… That’s why they call it a Code!If you’re going to build green or otherwise, you’ll need to crack the code. The process begins with a permit and you’ll pass a series of inspections. Here’s a primer of the code, but it’s worth getting a copy to read as well.The International Residential Code (IRC) is more than likely the code that will regulate the work to build a green home, an addition or even remodeling project. It is adopted in some fashion in 48 states. Verify your community’s code here.The IRC is a comprehensive design and construction documentThis stand-alone document includes all aspects of construction including architectural, structural, energy, plumbing, mechanical and electrical installations. It is published by the International Code Council (ICC), a non-profit organization that includes City and County Building Officials, Builders, Architects, Engineers, Firefighters, Plumbers and Mechanical Contractors and similar professionals across the country. This group follows a systematic process for continual improvement that results in a new published code book every three years (2006, 2009, 2012, etc).This code is divided into nine parts (I–IX). Each part may have several chapters lumping all requirements that are correlated together. Here’s a brief rundown of the parts and their chapters:I. AdministrationDuties and powers of the Building Official, permit requirements, construction documents, fees, inspections, certificates of occupancy and violations. Most jurisdictions (States, Counties and Cities) will delete this chapter in favor of one written by them.II. DefinitionsBecause a code has the force of law, misinterpretations in word definitions can be costly in many ways. One example is the story limit of a building: the definition is based on height of building, grade plane, grade as well as story height. These definitions narrowly define a condition where a structure with four levels (3 stories and a basement) can still be regulated with the IRC when the initial scope says it is limited to three stories…above grade.III. Building planningChapters 4-10 cover foundation design, floor, wall, and roof construction, exterior and interior siding, roofing, chimneys and fireplaces. Within each chapter, only a few material types are referenced with their minimum design standards. But the code does not limit your choices to only these materials. Section 104.11 allows substitutions, and in subsequent articles, I will expand on this subject. For now, just know that the option exists and the intent of the code is not to exclude any new innovation of alternative construction material of method of building.IV. Energy conservationChapter 11 offers you one of two approaches to meet the minimum standards: you can either meet the requirements of the International Energy Conservation Code or meet the requirements of this chapter. The choices are prescriptive and performance — see “When You Come to a Fork in the Code, Take It” .V. Mechanical installationsChapters 12-23 cover HVAC equipment, ducts, vents and exhaust. These chapters regulate the safety of heating, cooling and conditioning of air in your home.VI. Fuel gas appliances such as natural gas appliances.VII. PlumbingChapters 25-32 cover drain, waste and vent piping as well as water supply. Typical regulations include quality and size of pipe, water temperature and pressure, cross connection control and water heaters.VIII. ElectricalChapters 33-42 covers electrical installations such as service size and type, wire type and overcurrent devices (Circuit breakers), grounding and bonding.Each of these chapters delineates the minimum requirements for these various utility installations.IX. StandardsStandards are different from code. Standards generally establish the baseline for material quality or installation methods whereas codes establish the minimum installation conditions for those same materials or products. It’s basically, minimum standards of practice that as a professional, you should do vs. the law. If you don’t follow the standards of practice, you’re negligent, but you’re not breaking the law unless the code specifies compliance as a requirement.The National Concrete Masonry Association (NCMA) has developed a standard for the Design and Construction of Plain and Reinforced Concrete Masonry and Basement and Foundation Walls with the identification number of TR 68-A—75.Concrete and masonry foundation walls shall be selected and constructed in accordance with the provisions of Section R404 or in accordance with ACI 318, ACI 332, NCMA TR68–A or ACI 530/ASCE 5/TMS 402 or other approved structural standards.Section R404.1Notice that the code uses standards that include several standard developing organizations, including NCMA. This allows the builder to shop for a material that complies with at least one of these standards. So the code sets one or more standards as the baseline for material quality or installation conditions.The rest of the IRC is appendices with optional methods that are used in rare instances such as gas piping, venting, gas appliance inspection, manufactured housing, radon mitigation, swimming pools, patio covers, private sewage disposal (septic tanks), existing buildings, sound transmission, permit fees, home day care, plumbing venting alternatives, gray water systems, and residential sprinkler standards.Normally, when a code is adopted, the appendices must be specifically referenced in the adoption process or they do not have the force of law. These provisions are in an appendix chapter instead of the body of the code because a jurisdiction would typically would need to decide if any particular installation was appropriate for their community or not.——————–How does the IRC relate to you as a Green Builder?You may be reading this because you’re concerned about how the code will limit your ability to build green. Please put those fears aside. The code development community is keenly aware of your concerns and is making huge strides toward helping you build green. go to www.iccsafe.org and notice the plethora of focus on Green Building.ICC is leading the way on green building, and building officials nationwide are hearing your message. In the past few years, ICC has worked together with the National Association of Home Builders and several other stakeholders to develop the first ANSI-accredited green-home building standard , the ICC 700. ICC continues to embrace green initiatives, and more and more of that language is moving into the code. For example, the use of gray water systems or insulated concrete forms (ICFs) is now a prescriptive option for builders.In future blog postings, I will address the use of alternative materials and methods of construction, modifications to the building code, and how to talk to your inspector to increase your understanding of the regulatory world.
England have committed participation in the Commonwealth Games but the first batch of athletes who would land in Delhi on Friday would put up at hotels instead of the Games’ Village as it would be “several days” before their living quarters are ready.English men’s hockey team and the lawn bowling squad are among the 22-strong group of athletes, who flew from Heathrow on Thursday night.But England chef de mission Craig Hunter said it would be some days before they move in to the Games Village, which has been dubbed “filthy and uninhabitable” by visiting international delegates.”We will set up our athletes in local hotels,” Hunter was quoted as saying by The Daily Telegraph.”We don’t want to move them in one day and then have to move them again. We want them to get over their jet lag and then move in when it’s ready,” he added.Jason Lee, head coach of the hockey squad, said the travelling athletes are calm despite the furore over whether Delhi would be ready in time for the October 3 to 14 event given the troubled build-up.”The feeling in the group varies from mostly very calm and collected to a couple who have some outstanding concerns but nothing that is going to stop them from getting on the plane,” he said.
A “sloppy and clumsy” India have handed England the advantage in the opening Test, says former captain Nasser Hussain who feels the world number ones did not show the “smart cricket” which propelled them to the top.England made 127/2 on a rain-hit opening day of the ongoing match at the Lord’s after Indians let slip the opportunity to grab more wickets.”This was a sloppy day for India -and, so early in the series, a big one for England. When Mahendra Singh Dhoni won a very important toss, you wondered what lay in store for the hosts’ batsmen under grey skies and against a swinging ball.To finish on 127 for two felt like a small triumph,” said Hussain.”They (the Indian bowlers) just weren’t full enough with the new ball, which should have been pitched up repeatedly to entice the drive. Too often they dropped short and wide.”The India captain did not have his best day in charge, either. He’s set himself high standards by winning just about everything he turns his mind to. But he missed a couple of tricks in the field and didn’t get a glove on a chance from Trott that flew between him and Rahul Dravid at first slip,” he explained.Former Captain Nasser HussainHussain said the Indians didn’t come across too eager on the field.”It all felt a bit clumsy from a team who have prided themselves on smart cricket during their rise to the top of the world rankings. But in some ways it’s not too much of a surprise,” Hussain said.advertisement”There’s been a piecemeal feel to the start of India’s tour. Some have arrived from the Caribbean, some haven’t played any first-class cricket since January, some have been playing in the IPL. It felt a bit like they were making it up as they went along yesterday,” he said.On Indian pace spearhead Zaheer Khan picking up a hamstring strain during the match, Hussain said it was a sign that the bowler is ageing fast.”Although he clearly remains a very skillful bowler, he seems to be ageing quickly and it was always asking a lot for a guy who has barely bowled with the red ball in recent months to come through unscathed here.”It’s why I believe this England side will eventually overtake India in Test cricket. Their bowlers are always well-prepared, they get the right amount of rest and they don’t play in the IPL. England know how to peak,” he said.But Hussain still gave India the upperhand in the series.”That’s not to say India won’t win this series, because they still have loads of quality in their team, but this is not the start they needed,” he said.With inputs from PTI
Among the five competing teams in the Nehru Cup, the most celebrated is undoubtedly the Cameroon side. With a legacy of having produced talent that has made a mark at the very top, they deserve the nickname “the indomitable lions”.But what has come as a dampener is that the African side has not brought any of its top stars, the likes of Samuel Eto, Alex Song. Instead, Cameroon have brought their reserve side comprising home-based players.The intent to dominate is, however, not missing from the Africans. True to their high spirits, coach Emmanuel Bosso declared that they are here to show what they are capable of.”If we have come to this tournament, we will give it all to show how good we can play,” he said at a press conference on Tuesday.Bosso made no inhibitions about the fact that no member of the first XI has come. “Most of our foreign-based players are busy with their respective leagues. The ones who have come are stars of the national league,” he said.The coach lauded his wards. “I work along with Denis Lavagne (Cameroon’s chief coach). And some of the boys who are playing here may get a chance in the first team soon,” he said.Asked about the rest of the field in the Nehru Cup, Bosso sounded quite ignorant. “Well, we have seen Syria play but about the Indian team… I don’t know,” he said.On his second visit to India, Bosso sounded diplomatic when asked about his team’s main players. “Well, you will see that on field.”advertisementAfter much insistence, he came up with his top striker’s name. “Macon is our leading striker. He scored 12 goals last season and we are hoping that he repeat the performance here,” he said. “As far as our formation is concerned we like to play in the 4-4-2 way.”Captain Paul Roland too spoke highly of Macon. “We play in the same club (New Stars) and I have seen him play for quite some time now. He’s our best striker,” he pointed out.A right back and member of Cameroon’s 2008 Beijing Olympics, Roland said that players from his country could be interested in playing in India.
I thought this was a brilliant question which I’m allowed to say because I didn’t actually come up with it. Robert Whetsell did. Send your ire and angst his way.The hypothetical I presented (which I think the hypothetical part of that actually confused some people): Which would you rather happen out of these two scenarios? OSU wins on Saturday and Rudolph jets or OSU loses on Saturday and Rudolph stays? Nearly two-thirds of you voted that you could swallow Rudolph leaving in exchange for a Big 12 title.Poll question today: Which scenario would you prefer for this weekend?— Pistols Firing (@pistolsguys) November 29, 2016I’m in the minority here. I’d take the L on Saturday for Rudolph to return. This is the slow play. Not immediately satisfying but could result in OSU’s first College Football Playoff appearance PLUS a Big 12 title next year. If Rudolph leaves, you get the Big 12 title, but you don’t get anything else (Keondre Wudtee is not winning the conference next season … I don’t think).I totally understand why the majority voted for a win this Saturday — I actually came close to this for the reasons Nate mentioned in the comments below. This sums up the reasoning behind what the majority picked (and it is not poor reasoning):”a conference championship in the hand is worth a CFP in the bush,” or something.— Zach McCoy (@ZachMcCoy371) November 29, 2016 Tough one, but conference championships don’t come around very often. Gotta get ‘em while you can.— RyanHartwig (@jryanhartwig) November 29, 2016But that offense next year with all those receivers, an established RB1 and an offensive line that has seemingly figured out its problems? Whoooooo boy. OSU would probably be the Big 12 favorite and frontrunner in the conference to get in the playoff (even if it has to go 12-0 and win every game by 65 to do so).On to the comments …Big O: Rudolph is great, but this doesn’t seem like a very compelling question. How could someone choose other than to win a conference championship and play in the Sugarbowl? It would pay long-lasting dividends in terms of recruiting. We’ve also got a very intriguing QB in Woods coming up behind Rudolph.Nate: As much as I love Mason and want him back, wins over OU, especially in Norman, are sacred. Give me the W this weekend.JG: Who in their right mind would want to lose to OU this year to keep Rudolph? Nothing is guaranteed next year, give me the win this year and the sugar bowl.This one might have made me laugh the hardest.What is the point of having a good player if we lose?— joe turk (@joeturk182) November 29, 2016 While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up.
2016 Oklahoma State signee Tramonda Moore, who is spending the season in the junior college ranks at Independence Community College, took some time to answer some questions regarding his recruitment, Oklahoma State’s renewed interest and more.Of note, Moore confirmed that his classification, officially is 2018. So he is a ways away from making a decision on where he will sign at his next school.KB: So are you planning to classify as a 2017 player?Tramonda: No sir. Fall of 2018. I really want to take my time with making a decision.KB: So when you say you want to take your time with your decision — what are you looking for in a school this time around?Tramonda: Less depth. Not saying I am afraid of competition, but I want to go somewhere I can make an immediate impact.KB: Have you narrowed a list of top schools yet? If not, where does OSU stand?Tramonda: Well .. I honestly don’t have a top school at this point. I am still waiting and observing. Oklahoma State will always be home. But at the end of the day I have to do what’s best for me and my future / career!KB: So you stay in contact with Coach Adkins (offensive line coach)?Tramonda: Oh yeah we are really close!! We talk almost everyday.Tramonda confirmed his current offer sheet includes Oklahoma State, Iowa State, UCLA, UTSA, and Mississippi State.When he signed the last time around, he took his decision down towards the end before committing late in the process and signing with Oklahoma State.He made it clear he wants to take his time again on this one. He will be available to sign and play in the fall of 2018 at his next school — so I would expect his decision could come at some point in 2018, if I were guessing. But he still has not made his decision on that, and it’s a long process in recruitment. While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up.
While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up. Coach Mike Gundy and his quarterback Mason Rudolph chatted with the media after the Cowboys’ Spring Game. They spoke about what they saw and Rudolph’s Heisman Trophy candidacy.